Key Points for the Establishment of Organic Fertilizer Factory
After the national policy of advocating organic fertilizer to replace chemical fertilizers, the enthusiasm of capital investment in organic fertilizer plants has been very high.
If there is no overall plan for the organic fertilizer plant that can be built, there will be many unforeseen difficulties after the production, and some difficulties will even crush the enterprise.
After the production of goods, they are all placed on the market to compete and sell.
A full inspection of the market is to adapt to the needs of the market after the production, it is better to find the market after the production.
There is a large market demand for organic fertilizers, and there are also market segments. For example, some areas prefer organic fertilizer made from chicken manure, while others are very disgusting to the filter. If you do not conduct an investigation, you will encounter unexpected difficulties when the product enters the market.
Raw materials in the production area should also be investigated.
Without detailed investigation, it is impossible to understand the regional distribution of raw materials, whether it can be stable and sufficient supply, whether it is decentralized procurement or centralized supply.
In the production of organic fertilizer, I have always advocated the use of a variety of raw materials, so as to fully improve the fermentation efficiency and enhance the efficiency of enterprises.
When investigating raw materials, it is necessary to determine which materials can be used as the main raw materials and which can be used as raw materials to find out the hydration, organic matter, nutrients and other traits of these raw materials. In the production, these factors can be fully considered and qualified. Organic Fertilizer.
The location of the organic fertilizer plant is critical and far-reaching.
Site selection should be considered away from residential areas and should be located in the lower direction of residential areas.
Odor and dust will be produced during production. If it is too close to the residential area or is always in the upper area, it will directly affect the normal production of the factory, especially when the environmental protection requirements are strict.
Under normal circumstances, the residential area with a concentrated distance is at least 6 kilometers away. If you can choose to have trees or mountains in the surrounding area, it is best.
To build a factory, of course, the road is required to be spacious.
After examining the supply market and area of raw materials, the site selection should be within 50 km of the main raw material. If this transportation radius is exceeded, the operating cost will increase greatly as the transportation cost increases.
Another point is that the factory should be built in a place with simple folk customs and good public security. It is best to have good management in the industrial park planned by the government. This aspect is relatively invisible. Full consideration of these factors will facilitate subsequent business management, reduce conflicts with surrounding villages, and facilitate the recruitment of qualified employees to maintain stable operation of the factory.
The impact of capacity planning is very important. If the capacity planning is too large and the construction investment is too large, if there is not enough raw materials at the time of production, it will not be able to fully utilize the production capacity of the site and equipment, and the production capacity is vacant, which is a great waste for investors.
The capacity planning is too small, and the supply advantages of raw materials cannot be fully utilized to maximize the favorable conditions.
Personally, it is necessary to fully consider the supply of raw materials and the supply of land in consideration of the total investment, in order to determine the scale of production capacity.
The choice of fermentation process is the most important part of organic fertilizer production.
Investment volume is an important factor affecting the choice of fermentation process, which has a lot to do with capacity planning.
At present, the fermentation process of organic fertilizer is mainly used in two types, one is pile-type fermentation, and the other is trough type fermentation, both of which have advantages and disadvantages.
There is no doubt that the investment in tank fermentation is more demanding and the matching factors are more demanding. Effective oxygen supply, the properties of the fermentation raw materials are important factors affecting the efficiency of the fermentation tank.
The pile is stacked, the investment is less, and the operation is simpler.
In the case of perfect fermentation conditions, the efficiency of tank fermentation is much better than that of strip fermentation. The effect of the product is also better.
The boss who has seen a lot of investment does not fully understand the production of organic fertilizer. It is thought that as long as it is trough fermentation, it must be more efficient than strip fermentation. This view is one-sided.
The efficiency of trough fermentation is high, and it is necessary to have sufficient and necessary conditions. If the characteristics of the raw materials are not fully considered, and the full blasting of oxygen is not paid attention to, the efficiency is even lower than that of the strip pile type.
The regional planning connectivity of the workshop determines the operating costs after commissioning.
The organic fertilizer production workshop is generally divided into several important areas, raw material storage areas, fermentation areas, semi-finished product storage areas, package production areas, and finished product storage areas. Some factories will be divided into finer areas, and the fermentation area will be divided into pre-fermentation areas and aerobic full fermentation areas.
The division of each area should fully consider the storage capacity and fermentation efficiency of raw materials. If it is not properly classified, it will cause huge waste and unnecessary transportation and management costs.
In theory, several regions should be independent, but there should be channels to leave enough space for future operations.
There are many factories that do not have semi-finished storage areas, which are packaged and produced directly after fermentation.
From the principle of fermentation of organic fertilizer, a semi-finished storage area should be set up sufficiently. First, it can fully age the clinker and increase the product effect. The second is to fully adjust the properties of fermented rot clinker to meet the requirements of product standards.
Factory management is the last level, and choosing the right manager also has a huge impact on the operating costs of the plant.
The problems of production management are the same in all industrial factories. I just want to remind you that when you choose to manage workers, you should recruit people from all over the world. You can’t just recruit a place or use only people with a connection.
Organic fertilizer production is a relatively difficult thing. If the workers in the production season are not working well, it will greatly affect the production efficiency of the factory.
The production of organic fertilizer is a cause of turning waste into treasure, and it is also misunderstood that the cost will be very low. In fact, if it is not properly chosen, organic fertilizer is as unsustainable as other industries.