How to prepare to build an organic fertilizer plant
Most raw materials of organic fertilizers are agricultural wastes, such as livestock manure. In the process of producing organic fertilizers, if they are not handled properly, they will cause secondary pollution to the ecological environment and even cause public opposition. Therefore, the attention should be paid to the selection of site, design, raw material and so on. So what are the conditions that an organic fertilizer plant needs to meet? The following are answers.
1. Selection of raw materials
According to local conditions, the raw materials of organic fertilizer production are selected. The distance of transportation should be within 100 kilometers. You should remember that the freight can’t be more expensive than the raw materials. Because the production of organic fertilizer is waste utilization, the price is not high. Therefore, the intermediate cost cannot be too high. Otherwise, the product will lose competitiveness of market.
Before determining the production of organic fertilizers, you must consider whether the quantity of raw materials is sufficient, whether the price of raw materials is expensive, whether the raw materials can be continuously supplied and other factors. It will be better that the raw materials are waste from your own farm.
2. Selection of organic fertilizer plant site
Organic fertilizer production raw materials will more or less produce some special odors during the process of transportation and fermentation. Therefore, the selection of site should obey the following principles:
(1) Keep away from residential areas and industrial areas to avoid disgusting of surrounding residents and other production plants.
(2) Close to the origin of the main raw materials to reduce costs and pollution.
(3) The transportation is relatively convenient. The supply of water and power are also convenient.
3. The planning of organic fertilizer plant
The construction of organic fertilizer plant is also suitable for local conditions. Based on their own conditions, business owners can give full play to their ingenuity and do a good job in the construction of fertilizer plants. The planning and construction of organic fertilizer plants generally have the following characteristics:
(1)The office and staff living area should be as far away as possible from the fermentation site.
(2) The entrance channel of fermentation raw materials is independent and separate from the channel of the business.
(4) The place of fermentation, half-finished product aging, deep processing and finished product should be continuous and not far apart.
4. Selection of organic fertilizer production line
After the fermentation of the main raw material livestock manure, the organic fertilizer production line equipment is used to convert fermented materials and a certain amount of nitrogen, phosphate, potash, magnesium sulfate, ferrous sulfate and other substances into biological fertilizer.
The following are three configuration levels of the organic fertilizer production line equipment
High level configuration: solid-liquid separator machine, fermentation compost machine, semi-wet material crusher, horizontal mixer, granulating machine, rotary drum drying machine, rotary drum cooling machine, rotary screening machine, rotary coating machine, packaging equipment, belt conveyor, etc.
Medium level configuration: semi-wet material crusher, horizontal mixer, granulating machine, rotary drum drying machine, rotary drum cooling machine, rotary screening machine, packaging equipment, belt conveyor, etc.
Low level configuration: semi-wet material crusher, horizontal mixer, granulating machine, rotary screening machine, packaging equipment.